Readers ask: How To Plant Yam In Nigeria?

How long does it take yam to grow in Nigeria?

Depending on the species, yam grows for six to ten months and is dormant for two to four months, these two phases usually corresponding to the wet season and the dry season. In West and Central Africa, tubers are planted between February and April, depending on the weather in the humid forest or on the savanna.

What is the best month to plant yam?

Yam is best planted between February and March in mounds or ridges by planting seed yams (pieces of tubers or completely small ones) preserved for the new planting season. However, in some localities especially in riverine areas, land preparation, clearing and burning of grasses, heaping and ridging are done earlier.

How is Yam planted?

Yams are grown by planting pieces of tuber, or small whole tubers (‘seed yams ‘) saved from the previous season. Small-scale farmers, the majority of producers, often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables.

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What part of yam is used for planting?

With this practice, yam planting material is often a combination of cut tubers and whole tubers, and the cut portions are made up of setts from the head, middle and tail sections of the tuber.

How many months does it take yam to grow?

Depending on the variety, yams are harvested 6 to 12 months after planting. Lift the tubers when the leaves and stems turn yellow and dry. Do not leave the ripe tubers too long in the ground, otherwise they become bitter and may rot.

Which state produce more yam in Nigeria?

Benue is Nigeria’s largest yam producing state and records an average sale of 1.5 million yams a year.

What is the best fertilizer for yam?

Yams respond well to Organic Fertilizers like compost – a mixture of decayed organic matter composed of plant parts and animal manures.

How can I start a yam farm?

Easy Steps on How To Start Yam Farming In Nigeria

  1. Preparation of the Land/Soil. If you have a land, lets say one hectare; you would have to prepare the soil for planting the yam seeds.
  2. Prepare your Setts properly. Proper preparation of setts is vital.
  3. Plant the Yams.
  4. Weeding.
  5. Harvesting & sale of tubers.

How deep do you plant yams?

Plant the tubers about 10 cm deep and backfill with potting mix.

What is the soil requirement for yam?

Yams are upland crops and they should be planted in a well-drained field. Optimum yields are obtained from sandy loam and silt loam soil although acceptable yields are also obtained from clay loam soils, particularly those high in organic matter. Stony and highly compacted soil should not be planted to yams.

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Where do yams grow best?

Yams grow best in moist, well-drained soil. They do not grow well in heavy, waterlogged soils, so if your soil is not light and well-draining, amend it thoroughly with plenty of organic matter such as compost. Yams are heavy feeders and this will benefit their root growth.

How fast does yellow yam grow?

Yams mature between 9-10 months after planting and this can be seen by the yellowing of the leaves and natural dieback of the vines. After removing the vines, lift the tubers using hand forks taking care to do as little damage to the tubers.

How profitable is yam farming in Nigeria?

Apart from these festivals and rituals, there is huge profit in yam farming business as discussed in the previous article here. Five hundred by five hundred meters size of farmland could yield you 50,000 tubers of yam which is valued at N10 million ($50,000) at one dollars per yam.

What is Yam Minisett?

White yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) is an important tuber crop grown throughout West Africa, the Caribbean, and Latin America. The Yam Minisett Technique (YMT) was introduced in Nigeria in the late 1970s as a means of increasing the production of seed yams.

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