Quick Answer: How To Plant Cassava In Nigeria?

When can I plant cassava in Nigeria?

3. Land Preparation And Planting

  1. Cassava Planting starts in April and can be extended to October.
  2. The quantity of cassava recommended for 1 ha is 60 bundles of cassava stem.
  3. Cassava Stem cuttings 25 cm long should be planted at a spacing of 1 m x 1 m.

What month is best to plant cassava in Nigeria?

Masika is the long rainy season which occurs from March to June. Although some farmers plant cassava in Masika, it’s more common for them to plant during the short “Vuli” rainy season, which runs from October to December.

How Cassava is planted?

How to Plant Cassava. Plant cuttings are buried 5 – 10 cm below the soil surface in dry climates and when mechanical planting is used. Cuttings planted horizontally produce multiple stems and more tuberous roots but they are relatively smaller in size.

How many months does it take cassava to grow?

Cassava has a relatively long growth cycle compared to other important crops. It takes an average of 10-12 months — sometimes up to 24 months! — for farmers to harvest the roots; maize, rice, and potato’s growth cycles span less than a third of that.

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What is the best fertilizer for cassava?

Initially, cassava should be fertilized with equal amounts of N, phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) and potassium oxide (K2O) at a rate of 500 kg to 800 kg per ha of a compound fertilizer such as 15-15-15 or 16-16-16.

How profitable is cassava in Nigeria?

Cassava products are constantly expensive though Nigeria is the largest producer in the world. Currently, one tonne of cassava is between N15,000 and N20,000 in the open market. With the current cost of production, the price cannot come down.

How do you know when cassava is ready to harvest?

Cassava matures and is ready for harvesting between 9 – 10 months after planting. Cut back the cassava stems at 30 cm (1ft) from the soil level. Then hold the stem gently, shake and pull to uproot the tubers. In soils that are compacted, use a fork to break the ridges before removing the tubers.

What type of soil does cassava need?

Cassava is one of those plants that grow well in any soil type, even poor soil. Loamy soil rich with well-rotted organic matter produces the best results, however. Cassava may struggle in clay or compact soil, but even then it will produce enough to harvest.

How much is a kilo of cassava?

In 2017, the average domestic wholesale price of cassava in the Philippines was around 8.8 Philippine pesos per kilogram.

How do I make cassava safe to eat?

How to prepare cassava safely

  1. Peel the cassava root.
  2. Slice or cut it into small pieces.
  3. Soak them in water.
  4. Boil them until tender and very well cooked.
  5. Discard any cooking water.
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How do I start a cassava farm?

Steps to start cassava farming business

  1. Select your site.
  2. Prepare to make the soil more suitable for cassava farming.
  3. Cassava stems to use for planting.
  4. Prepare for cultivation.
  5. Decide when to plant the cassava stem cuttings during the planting season.
  6. Harvesting.
  7. Processing cassava roots.
  8. Budget.

Is cassava farming profitable?

Commercial cassava farming has been a very profitable farming venture for Nigerian farmers. Cassava tubers which is in very high demand is the raw material for producing ‘garri’ which is a staple food for the Nigerians. Cassava farming venture is known for its low input- high output nature.

What time of the year is best to plant cassava?

In areas with two relatively short rainy seasons per year, cassava can be planted in the early or middle part of either rainy season and harvested after 10 to 14 months, preferably during the dry season.

What is the life cycle of cassava?

The usual life span is 15 to 24 months depending on the cultivar, climate and soil conditions, but later tubers become fibrous and woody. Some quick growing cultivars can be harvested in 6-7 months so you can plant and harvest them twice a year. However, for good yields you must harvest after 9 to 12 months.

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