Question: How To Commence Civil Action In Nigeria?

How do you commence civil proceedings?

To commence an action, a claimant must file the following documents with the court:

  1. A Claim Form or the designated form for the particular type of action.
  2. A Statement of Claim.
  3. A Schedule of Special Damage if applicable (this document sets out all your losses, i.e wages etc).
  4. The Court fee.

What is civil procedure Nigeria?

The Civil Procedure Rules of most jurisdictions in Nigeria require parties to exchange written evidence prior to trial, and in most states such evidence must be delivered along with statements of the parties’ cases. This procedure is required for both expert witnesses and witnesses of fact.

Where can I commence proceedings?

Proceedings can be commenced in the Supreme Court by seven or more people who have claims against the same person or persons. The claims must arise out of the same, similar or related circumstances and the claims must give rise to a substantial common question or law or fact: s 157(1).

How do I get a court order in Nigeria?

Instituting a court action is a means of enforcing one’s right against a wrong action done to a party and it is the first time for obtaining a court order; it involves filing the process in court and paying the requisite fees at the registry of the court, which will entitle the case file to be assigned to a judge.

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What are examples of civil suits?

Some examples of civil cases are:

  • A person who is hurt in a car accident sues the driver of the other car;
  • A worker sues his employer after the worker hurts his back at work and can never work again;

What courts do civil cases go to?

Civil courts and civil procedure rules

  • County Court. The County Court is a first instance court, ie a court where legal proceedings begin, that deals with minor civil matters in a wide range of areas such as:
  • High Court. The High Court hears more complex civil cases.
  • Tribunal system.
  • Court of Appeal.
  • Supreme Court.

What are the steps in a civil suit?

Civil lawsuits generally proceed through distinct steps: pleadings, discovery, trial, and possibly an appeal. However, parties can halt this process by voluntarily settling at any time. Most cases settle before reaching trial. Arbitration is sometimes another alternative to a trial.

How do you draft a civil case?


  1. The name of the court where the suit is to be initiated.
  2. The name, description and place of residence of the plaintiff.
  3. The name, description and place of residence of the defendant.
  4. A statement to the effect of either the plaintiff or defendant being a minor or a person of unsound mind.

What does Civil Procedure mean?

Broadly speaking, civil procedure consists of the rules by which courts conduct civil trials. ” Civil trials” concern the judicial resolution of claims by one individual or class against another and are to be distinguished from “criminal trials,” in which the state prosecutes an individual for violation of criminal law.

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What are the 4 stages of a civil case?

The 4 Steps Of A Civil Lawsuit

  • File The Complaint. The first thing that happens in any civil lawsuit is the plaintiff files an official complaint.
  • Begin The Discovery.
  • Go To Trial.
  • Appeal The Judgement.

How do you commence legal action?

How to commence legal proceedings in NSW

  1. Initiating legal action.
  2. Determining the right court of jurisdiction for your matter.
  3. Monetary value of claim is relevant to choice of court.
  4. Establishing which court division or list your claim should be lodged in.
  5. Selecting the correct legal document to initiate court proceedings.

Can the state be a party to a civil case?

Civil litigation is a legal dispute between two or more parties that, usually, seek economic damages or specific performance[1], rather than criminal sanctions. Litigators represent parties in federal, state and local courts, tribunals, arbitrations and mediations.

How much does it cost to register a patent in Nigeria?

The official fee for patent registration in Nigeria is about $75. A patent application is a dire process that requires expertise and considerable time to finalize. Usually, most patent lawyers charge between $600 to $1,500 for professional fees and other relating expenses.

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