FAQ: What Is Vat Rate In Nigeria?

What is the current VAT rate in Nigeria 2020?

The rate of value added tax ( VAT ) in Nigeria increased from 5% to 7.5%. The Finance Act, 2019, signed by the president and effective on 13 January 2020, included the VAT rate change.

How is VAT calculated in Nigeria?

VAT is calculated at a flat rate of 7.5% on all goods and services sold in Nigeria; this is stipulated under section 4 of the VAT Act, except items that are on the VAT exempt list or zero-rated. An example of such is exported goods, all exported goods are zero-rated, that is such goods are VAT -able but at zero percent.

What is the VAT rate 2020?

This cut in the VAT rate from the standard rate of 20% will have effect from 15 July 2020 to 31 March 2021. These changes are being brought in as an urgent response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic to support businesses severely affected by forced closures and social distancing measures.

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Does Nigeria have a VAT tax?

The VAT charged on an invoice is required to be withheld and remitted to the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS), by the Nigerian customers (traditionally). At the time the above provision was enacted, it was not anticipated that there would be any form of tax leakage with respect to such taxable transactions.

Is VAT chargeable on rent in Nigeria?

For VAT to be chargeable, the transaction must qualify as a supply of goods or service. Rent derived from lease of real properties, whether for residential or commercial purposes, is not a supply of goods or services and is therefore not liable to VAT.

Is fuel in Nigeria Vatable?

VAT accounts for about 20% of the total tax revenue generated in the country. Industry practice appears to be not to charge VAT. However, FIRS has not accepted this practice on the basis that refined petroleum products are not on list of items expressly exempted from value added tax ( VAT) in Nigeria.

How is VAT calculated?

VAT -inclusive prices To work out a price including the standard rate of VAT (20%), multiply the price excluding VAT by 1.2. To work out a price including the reduced rate of VAT (5%), multiply the price excluding VAT by 1.05.

What services are VAT exempt in Nigeria?


  • all medical and pharmaceutical products;
  • basic food items;
  • books and educational materials including educational performances and tuition from nursey to tertiary education;
  • baby products;
  • all exported goods and services;
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How do I convert VAT?

Take the gross amount of any sum (items you sell or buy) – that is, the total including any VAT – and divide it by 117.5, if the VAT rate is 17.5 per cent. (If the rate is different, add 100 to the VAT percentage rate and divide by that number.) Multiply the result from Step 1 by 100 to get the pre- VAT total.

Is VAT cut on everything?

The UK’s standard VAT rate is 20%, though a reduced 5% rate is applicable for certain essentials, such as home energy and sanitary products. There are certain items with 0% VAT too, things like supermarket food and children’s clothing, for instance. You can read more, here.

What percentage is VAT?

The standard rate of VAT increased to 20% on 4 January 2011 (from 17.5%). Some things are exempt from VAT, such as postage stamps, financial and property transactions. The VAT rate businesses charge depends on their goods and services.

Is VAT being reduced?

General description of the measure. The government announced on 8 July 2020 that it intended to legislate to apply a temporary 5% reduced rate of VAT to certain supplies relating to hospitality, hotel and holiday accommodation and admission to certain attractions.

What do we charge VAT on?

VAT is short for ‘Value Added Tax’, and is charged on most sales of goods and services in the UK. Sales on which VAT would normally be charged are called “taxable sales” or “VATable sales”. Sales that are exempt from VAT, or outside the scope of UK VAT, are not taxable sales.

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Do NGOs pay VAT in Nigeria?

NGOs pay VAT on goods and services consumed, except those purchased exclusively for donor-funded humanitarian projects or activities, which are zero rated under the Value-Added Tax Act, as amended.

Who introduced VAT in Nigeria?

Emmanuel Ijewere to conduct extensive research and make recommendations. VAT was-finally introduced in Nigeria in 1993 by the VAT Act No. 102 of 1993 as a replacement of the sales tax which had been in operation under Federal government Legislated decree No.

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