- 1 What is the best month to plant yam?
- 2 Which month is yam planted in Nigeria?
- 3 Is yam farming profitable in Nigeria?
- 4 How long does it take yam to grow in Nigeria?
- 5 How many months does it take for Yam to grow?
- 6 What part of yam is used for planting?
- 7 How can I start a yam farm?
- 8 Which state produce more yam in Nigeria?
- 9 How do I plant yam?
- 10 What is the best fertilizer for yam?
- 11 What is the soil requirement for yam?
- 12 What are the diseases of yam?
- 13 Is Yam a cash crop?
- 14 How can I increase my yam yield?
- 15 What is the life cycle of yam?
What is the best month to plant yam?
Yam is best planted between February and March in mounds or ridges by planting seed yams (pieces of tubers or completely small ones) preserved for the new planting season. However, in some localities especially in riverine areas, land preparation, clearing and burning of grasses, heaping and ridging are done earlier.
Which month is yam planted in Nigeria?
Harvesting. In terms of area harvested, 4.6 million hectares were planted worldwide in 2007, with about 4.3 million in Central and West Africa. In West and Central Africa tubers are planted between February and April, depending on whether in humid forest or on the savanna, and are harvested 180 to 270 days later.
Is yam farming profitable in Nigeria?
Yam farming business is a profitable agribusiness venture which you can start on a medium to large scale. Nigeria is a major producer and consumer of yams, yet we have not sustained production to support exports on a large scale. profitable despite high production costs.
How long does it take yam to grow in Nigeria?
Depending on the species, yam grows for six to ten months and is dormant for two to four months, these two phases usually corresponding to the wet season and the dry season. In West and Central Africa, tubers are planted between February and April, depending on the weather in the humid forest or on the savanna.
How many months does it take for Yam to grow?
Depending on the variety, yams are harvested 6 to 12 months after planting. Lift the tubers when the leaves and stems turn yellow and dry. Do not leave the ripe tubers too long in the ground, otherwise they become bitter and may rot.
What part of yam is used for planting?
With this practice, yam planting material is often a combination of cut tubers and whole tubers, and the cut portions are made up of setts from the head, middle and tail sections of the tuber.
How can I start a yam farm?
Easy Steps on How To Start Yam Farming In Nigeria
- Preparation of the Land/Soil. If you have a land, lets say one hectare; you would have to prepare the soil for planting the yam seeds.
- Prepare your Setts properly. Proper preparation of setts is vital.
- Plant the Yams.
- Harvesting & sale of tubers.
Which state produce more yam in Nigeria?
Benue is Nigeria’s largest yam producing state and records an average sale of 1.5 million yams a year.
How do I plant yam?
Planting is done by seed yam or cut setts from ware tubers. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a fungicide (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. The setts are planted at an interval of 15–20 centimetres (5.9–7.9 in) with the cut face facing up.
What is the best fertilizer for yam?
Yams respond well to Organic Fertilizers like compost – a mixture of decayed organic matter composed of plant parts and animal manures.
What is the soil requirement for yam?
Yams are upland crops and they should be planted in a well-drained field. Optimum yields are obtained from sandy loam and silt loam soil although acceptable yields are also obtained from clay loam soils, particularly those high in organic matter. Stony and highly compacted soil should not be planted to yams.
What are the diseases of yam?
The field and storage diseases are presented, anthracnose is regarded as the most widely spread of all the field diseases, while yam mosaic virus disease is considered to cause the most severe losses in yams. Dry rot is considered as the most devastating of all the storage diseases of yam.
Is Yam a cash crop?
Economic importance of yam in West Africa3 In West Africa yam (Dioscorea spp.) is a food and cash crop; it plays an important role in food security and in the livelihoods of 60 million people in the region. The crop is cultivated mostly in the derived, humid, and southern Guinea savanna agroecologies.
How can I increase my yam yield?
Some approaches to producing quality seed of yam are as follows: farmers select small whole tubers from a ware crop harvest; stimulate the production of seed tubers by ‘milking’ ware tubers while the leaves of the plant are still green (double harvest system); cut ware tubers into setts about the same sizes as regular
What is the life cycle of yam?
Yam growing cycle Yam is a perennial plant, although it is treated as an annual one. Growth takes place in three distinct phases, which develop over 12 months and repeat indefinitely during the life of the plant. For this reason, it is said that the yam is a perennial grown as an annual.